AL-HAYTHAMI'S MAJMA` AL-ZAWA'ID :

22 AUTHENTIC AHADITH CONCERNING MIGRATION
(for Arabic text see the pdf)

1. `Amr ibn `Abasa asked the Prophet MHMD : "What is the best migration?" He replied: "The best migration is for you to abandon what your Lord detests." It is part of a longer hadith. Muslim narrated some of it. It is also related from Jabir by Abu Ya`la and Tabarani in his "Mu`jam al-saghir" with a sound chain.

2. From the same Companion: He asked: "What is migration?" The Prophet MHMD  replied: "That you abandon all that is evil." He said: "What then is the best migration?" The Prophet MHMD  said: "Jihad." He said: "And what is jihad?" The Prophet MHMD  said: "To fight disbelievers when you meet them." Ahmad related it, and Tabarani in his "Mu`jam al-kabir." Its sub-narrators are reliable.

3. From the same Companion: He asked: "What is the best belief (iman)?" The Prophet MHMD  replied: "Migration." He said: "And what is migration?" The Prophet MHMD  said: "That you emigrate from evil." He said: "What is the best migration?" The Prophet MHMD  said: "Jihad." He said: "And what is jihad?" The Prophet MHMD  replied: "To fight the disbelievers when you meet them." Ahmad and Tabarani narrated it, and its sub-narrators are sound (rijal al-sahih).

4. From Abu Hurayra: The Prophet MHMD  said: "Madina is the Dome of Islam, the Abode of Belief, the Land of Migration, and the Resting-place of (the knowledge of) Right and Wrong." Tabarani narrated it in his "Awsat" and its sub-narrators are reliable, one being fair (hasan).

5. From `Ubayd Ibn `Abd: The Prophet MHMD  said: "Khilafa is among the Quraysh, adjudication is among the Ansar, invitation to religion is among the Abyssinians, and migration is among the Muslims and the Emigrants among them." Al-Tabarani and Ahmad narrated it and its sub-narrators are reliable.

6. From Abu Salam Mamtur from an unnamed Companion: Abu Malik al-Ash`ari informed him that the Prophet MHMD  said: "I order you five things: listening, obeying, keeping to the larger group, migration, and struggle in the way of God. Whoever leaves the larger group even for an inch, he has cast off the noose of Islam from around his head, and whoever utters the expressions of the Time of Ignorance, he belongs to the fuel-piles of Gehenna." They said: "O Messenger of God, even if he fasts and prays?" He said: "Even if he fasts and prays, however, keep calling yourselves with one of your God-given names: Muslims and Believers." Ahmad narrated it and its subnarrators are sound, one of them being merely reliable.

7. From Asma' Bint Yazid: Abu Dharr (al-Ghifari) used to serve the Prophet MHMD  and when he finished he would go to the masjid and sleep, and the masjid was his house. One time the Prophet MHMD  came in and found Abu Dharr lying on the ground. He nudged him with his foot and Abu Dharr sat up. The Prophet MHMD  said: "Sleeping?" He replied: "O Messenger of God, where else can I sleep? I have no house other than this." The Prophet MHMD  said: "What will you do if they expel you from it?" He said: "I will repair to Syria, for verily Syria is the land of migration, the land of the Gathering (on the Day of Judgment), and the land of Prophets. I shall be one of its dwellers." The Prophet MHMD  said: "What will you do if they expel you from Syria?" He said: "I will come back here and make it my house and my dwelling." The Propeht MHMD  said: "What if they expel you from it a second time?" He replied: "Then I will take up my sword and fight them off until I die." The Prophet MHMD  looked displeased and he held him firmly and said: "Shall I tell you of a better way?" He said: "Yes, may my father and mother be ransomed for you, O Messenger of God!" The Prophet MHMD  said: "Let them lead you whither they lead you, and let yourself be taken whither they take you, until you meet me again in that very state." Ahmad narrated it with one weak sub-narrator (Shahr ibn Hawshab), however, some have declared him reliable, e.g. Ibn Hajar in "Fath al-Bari" 3:65 and al-Hafiz Dhahabi.

8. From Ghaziyya ibn al-Harth: Some young men of Quraysh wanted to emigrate to the Prophet MHMD  (in Madina) but their parents forbade them from it. They mentioned it to him and he said: "There is no (need for) migration after the Conquest (of Mecca). There is only (need for) jihad with a sound intention." Another version says: "There is only (need for) jihad, sound intention, and keeping with the larger group." Tabarani narrates it with several chains, one of them with sound sub-narrators.

9. From Ibn al-Sa`di: The Prophet MHMD  said: "Migration does not cease as long as the enemy is still fighting." Al-Bazzar related it. Mu`awiya, `Abd al-Rahman ibn `Awf, and `Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As said that the Prophet MHMD  said: "Migration has two branches: the first is to leave bad manners, the second is to emigrate to God and His Messenger. Migration does not cease until the sun rises in the West. After that, every heart shall be stamped with whatever is in it, and all will have but their works to suffice them." Ahmad related it with reliable sub-narrators.

10. From Ibn Umayya: I told the Prophet MHMD : "O Messenger of God, some people are saying that migration has ceased?" He replied: "Migration shall not cease as long as there is jihad." Ahmad related it with sound sub-narrators.

11. From Wathila ibn al-Asqa`: "I went out travelling to see God's Messenger MHMD . (When I arrived) he was praying. After he finished, the people were exiting and some were standing, so the Prophet MHMD  would look and see who was sitting, and then he would approach them and ask them: "Do you need anything?" He began with the first row, then the second, then the third. When he came close to me he said: "Do you need anything?" I said yes. He said: "What do you need?" I said: "Islam." He said: "It is best for you. Will you emigrate?" I said yes. He said: "The migration of the desert at large (hijrat al-badiya) or that of intimate disclosures (hijrat al-baththa)?" I asked: "Which is better?" He said: "The migration of intimate disclosures. It consists in standing your ground together with God's Messenger. The migration of the desert at large consists in returning to your desert lands and listening and obeying in difficulty and ease, in what you dislike and what you like, and to be selfless." At this I stretched my hand and swore my allegiance to him. He added a provision for me which I had omitted to mention myself, and which was: "to the extent that you are able."..." Tabarani narrated it and its sub-narrators are reliable.

12. Al-Farazdaq ibn Hibban said: "I shall tell you a hadith which I heard with my ears and understood with my heart and which I shall never forget. I went out with `Ubayd Allah ibn Hayd on our way to Damascus and we passed by `Abd Allah ibn `Amr ibn al-`As who said: "A man from your tribe came to the Prophet MHMD , a coarse, impolite beduin, and he said: "O Messenger of God, where does migration to you consist in going? Is it to you wherever you are, or to a precise place, or to a particular people, and does it cease when you die?" The Prophet MHMD  stayed silent a long time. Then he said: "Where is the man who asked about migration?" The beduin said: "Here I am, O Messenger of God." The Prophet MHMD  said: "When you establish the prayer and pay the poor-due, you are an emigrant (to me), even if I die in Hadrami (a land in Yamama, Yemen)." Another version has: "Migration is for you to abandon indecent behavior, both apparent and hidden, and to establish the prayer and pay the poor-due: that is what makes you an emigrant." Ahmad related it with a fair chain.

13. From Qays ibn Abi Hazim: Once `Umar ibn al-Khattab addressed the people from the minbar in Madina and he said in his address: "Verily there is in the Gardens of `Adn (in Paradise) a palace which has five hundred doors, each posted with five thousand of the ladies of Paradise, and none but a Prophet shall enter it." At this point he turned to the grave of God's Messenger and said: "Congratulations to you, O dweller of this grave!" Then he continued saying: "And none but a Most-Truthful One (siddiq) shall enter it." At this point he turned towards Abu Bakr's grave and said: "Congratulations to you, O Abu Bakr!" Then he said: "And none but a Martyr shall enter it," and he pointed to himself. He continued: "And when did you inherit martyrdom, O `Umar?" Then he said: "Verily, the One who brought me out from Mecca unto the migration to Madina is able to bring me martyrdom." ... Tabarani narrated it in his "Awsat" with sound sub-narrators except for Sharik al-Nakh`i who is reliable, and some differ about him.

14. `Abd Allah ibn Salam said to the Egyptians at the time they were besieging the Commander of the Believers `Uthman ibn `Affan: "Verily God the Glorious and the Almighty has chosen Madina for Muhammad MHMD  and has made it the Abode of Migration and the Abode of Belief. By God, never did the angels stop circling Madina after the Prophet MHMD  came to it until this very day, and never did God's sword not remain sheathed from harming you since the Prophet MHMD  came to it until this very day..." Tabarani related it with reliable sub-narrators.

15. Hudhayfa said: "The Prophet MHMD  gave me a choice between undertaking migration (hijra) and giving help (nusra), and I chose migration." Al-Bazzar and Tabarani related it with sound sub-narrators except `Ali ibn Zayd who is fair in his narrations.

16. `Amr ibn al-`As said: ... I met Khalid ibn al-Walid shortly before the Conquest of Mecca as he was coming from there. I said to him: "O Abu Sulayman!" He said: "By God, the branding iron has materialized. Verily the man is a Prophet. Go and submit, what are you waiting for?" I replied: "By God, I came for no other purpose than to submit." We went to see God's Messenger. Khalid ibn al-Walid approached him, submitted, and pledged his oath. Then I approached and said: "O Messenger of Allah, I pledge my oath to you on condition that all my past sins be forgiven," and I did not mention my sins to come. God's Messenger MHMD  replied: "O `Amr, pledge! Truly Islam erases what came before it, and truly migration erases what came before it." So I pledged my oath to him and then I left. Ahmad and Tabarani related it, both of them with reliable sub-narrators.

17. From `Abd al-Rahman ibn Safwan ibn Qudama: Abu Safwan emigrated to the Prophet MHMD  while the latter was in Madina. He pledged his oath of submission to him. When the Prophet MHMD  stretched his hand to him, he took it and rubbed his face with it then he said: "Ya Rasulallah, I love you." The Prophet MHMD  said to him: "Each will be with the one he loves." After Safwan had emigrated to Madina and stayed with the Prophet MHMD , he called to his people and relatives to follow him. They refused, so he left them behind and went out without them, taking with him his two sons `Abd al-Rahman and `Abd Allah. Their names in the Time of Ignorance were respectively `Abd al-`Uzza and `Abd Nahm, but the Prophet MHMD  changed them... Tabarani related it and its sub-narrators are reliable, except for Musa ibn Maymun who was a Qadari (believer in total free-will).

18. From Jarir: I came to the Prophet MHMD  and said: "O Messenger of God, I pledge my oath to you that I am emigrating to you." The Prophet MHMD  received my oath and added a further condition: "And sincerity of heart with every Muslim." Tabarani narrated it through more than one chain of sound sub-narrators.

19. From Abu Qursafa the Prophet's Companion: "This is how I became Muslim: I was an orphan in the care of my mother and my aunt on my mother's side. I had more affection for the latter. I used to graze some few sheep that belonged to me. My aunt would often tell me: "Son, don't go near that man -- she meant the Prophet MHMD  -- because he will delude you and misguide you." I would go out to the pasture, leave my sheep there, then go to see the Prophet MHMD  and listen to him all day, letting my hungry sheep dry up. My aunt said to me one day: "What is wrong with your sheep, their udders are dry?" I replied: "I don't know!" Then I went back to him the next day and did the same, and I heard him say: "O People, emigrate and catch hold of Islam. Verily migration will not stop as long as the struggle for God does not stop." The third day I went back to him and there and then with his words echoing in my ears I pledged my submission and my oath holding his hand. Then I mentioned to him my predicament with my aunt and my sheep. He said: "Bring me your sheep." When I did he stroked their backs and their udders and he invoked for a blessing upon them, whereupon they became fat and filled with milk. When I went back to my aunt and she saw them she said: "That is how you should graze them, my son!" "O my aunt," I said, "I did not graze them any place different than I always do, but let me tell you what happened to me." I told her of my encounter with the Prophet MHMD  and of his behavior and discourse. My mother and my aunt said: "Take us to him with you." The three of us went back and they pledged their submission and their oath, holding his hand." That is the story of Abu Qursafa's Islam and his migration to the Prophet MHMD . He used to live in Tihama. Tabarani related it with a chain of reliable sub-narrators.

20. From Abu Sa`id al-Khudri: He said in a larger hadith: ... The Prophet MHMD  said to the Helpers (in Madina): "Are you not happy, O People of the Ansar, that others go trading with the sheep and the camel, but you have returned with the Messenger of your God in your midst? (As for me) by Him in Whose hand is the soul of Muhammad, even if it were not for the Migration I would be a man from among the Ansar, and if all people chose another nation, I would enter the nation of the Ansar. O God, have mercy on the Ansar, on their children, and on their children's children." At this the people wept until their beards were wet. They said: "We are happy with God's Messenger as our share and as our lot!" Then he retired and they dispersed... Ahmad narrated it with a chain of sound sub-narrators except for Muhammad ibn Ishaq who did not hear his source directly. Another substantially similar version is related by Tabarani through reliable sub-narrators but for Rushdayn ibn Sa`d, who is fair. Ahmad relates another version through Abu Qatada with sound sub-narrators except for Yahya ibn al-Nadir al-Ansari, who is reliable.

21. From al-Harith ibn Ziyad al-Sa`idi al-Ansari: He came to the Prophet MHMD  the day of the battle of the Trench as the latter was receiving the people's pledge of migration and said: "O Messenger of God, receive this man's pledge?" The Prophet MHMD  said: "Who is he?" He replied: "My cousin, Huwt ibn Yazid -- or Yazid ibn Huwt. The Prophet MHMD  said: "I shall not receive your pledge of migration. People are emigrating to you, not the reverse. By Him in Whose hand is my soul, a man does not love the Ansar except he shall meet God -- Blessed and Exalted is He -- and see that God loves him; and a man does not dislike the Ansar except he shall meet God and see that God dislikes him." Ahmad and Tabarani relate it through at least one chain with sound sub-narrators except for Muhammad ibn `Amr, who is fair in his narrations.

22. From Umm Anas: She said: "I came to the Prophet MHMD  and said: "May God place you in the uppermost companionship of Paradise and may I be there with you! O Messenger of God, teach me a good deed which I could practice regularly." He replied: "Establish the prayer, for that is the greatest jihad; abandon sins, for that is the best migration; and remember God much, for that is the best deed that you could meet God with." Tabarani narrated it in his "Kabir" and "Awsat" adding that this Umm Anas is not the mother of Anas ibn Malik. Ibn Abi Hatim mentioned one of its sub-narrators, Muhammad ibn Isma`il al-Ansari, without faulting him; the rest are established as trustworthy.

The grades of the sub-narrators in the chains of transmission of these hadiths are all either reliable (thiqa), fair (hasan), or sound (sahih) according to Ibn Hajar al-Haythami.