Open Letter
To Al-Baghdádí

Response To Daesh (Not ”IS”)

Part 14 - Attributing Crimes To God, Rebelling Against The Leader, Destruction Of The Graves

With over 125 leading ulemas' signatures*


Attributing crimes to God

19. Attributing crimes to God in the name of humility: After tying Syrian soldiers of the 17th Division in North-eastern Syria to barbed wire, you cut off their heads with knives and posted a video of this on the internet. In the video you said: ‘We are your brothers, the soldiers of the Islamic State. God has favoured us with His grace and victory by conquering the 17th Division; a victory and favour through God. We seek refuge in God from our might and power. We seek refuge in God from our weapons and our readiness.’

You thus attributed this heinous crime to God swt , and made as if this were an act of humility to God swt , by saying that He swt  did it and not you. But God says: { And when they commit any indecency they say, “We found our fathers practising it, and God has enjoined it on us”. Say, “God does not enjoin indecency. Do you say concerning God that which you do not know?} (Al-A’raf, 7: 28).

Destruction of the graves

20. Destruction of the graves and shrines of Prophets and Companions. You have blown up and destroyed the graves of Prophets and Companions. Scholars disagree on the subject of graves. Nevertheless, it is not permissible to blow up the graves of Prophets and Companions and disinter their remains, just as it is not permissible to burn grapes under the pretext that some people use them to make wine. God swt  says: { Those who prevailed regarding their affair, “We will verily set up over them, a place of worship”.} (Al-Kahf, 18:21); and: { ... Take to yourselves Abraham's station for a place of prayer ...} (Al-Baqarah, 2: 125).

The Prophet MHMD said: ‘I had previously prohibited you from visiting graves. Permission has been granted for Muhammad to visit his mother’s grave, so visit them [i.e. graves] for they remind [one] of death and the Hereafter49.’ Visiting graves reminds people of death and the Hereafter; God swt  says in the Qur’an: { Rivalry [in worldly things] distracts you until you visit the graves.} (Al-Takathur, 102: 1-2).

Your former leader, Abu Omar Al-Baghdadi said: ‘In our opinion, it is obligatory to destroy and remove all manifestations of shirk (idolatry) and to prohibit all means that lead to it because of Muslim’s narration in his Sahih: on the authority of Abu Al-Hiyaj Al-Asadi, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib karrama-LLahu-wajhahu said: “Should I not tell you what he [i.e. the Prophet] MHMD sent me to do: not to leave a statue without obliterating it nor a raised grave without levelling it.”’ However, even if what he said were true, it does not apply to the graves of Prophets or Companions, as the Companions were in consensus regarding burying the Prophet MHMD and his two Companions, Abu Bakr and Omar, in a building that was contiguous to the Prophet’s Mosque.

Rebelling against the leader

21. Rebelling against the leader. It is impermissible to rebel against the leader who is not guilty of declared and candid disbelief (al-kufr al-bawwah); i.e. disbelief that he himself admits to openly and where all Muslims are in consensus regarding such a person being a non-Muslim—or by his prohibiting the establishment of prayers. The evidence of this is in God’s swt  words: { O you who believe, obey God, and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you ...} (Al-Nisa’, 4: 59).

The Prophet MHMD also said: ‘Listen and obey even if an Abyssinian whose head is like a raisin is given authority over you50.’ The Prophet MHMD also said: ‘The best of your rulers are those whom you love and who love you, who invoke God’s blessings upon you and you invoke His blessings upon them. And the worst of your rulers are those whom you hate and who hate you and whom you curse and who curse you. It was asked (by those present): “Shouldn’t we overthrow them by the sword?” He said: “No, as long as they establish prayer among you. If you then find anything detestable in them, you should hate their administration, but do not withdraw yourselves from their obedience51.”’

As for a ruler who is a reprobate or corrupt, he is to be removed by those qualified to elect or dispose a caliph on behalf of the Ummah (nation) (ahl al-hall wal- ‘aqd) — if possible— without sedition (fitnah), armed rebellion or bloodshed. However, he is not rebelled against. It is forbidden to rebel against a leader even if he does not implement the Shari’ah or a portion of it, for God swt  says: { ... Whoever does not judge according to what God has revealed - such are the disbelievers.} (Al-Ma’idah, 5: 44); and: { ... Whoever does not judge according to what God has revealed, those are the evildoers.} (Al-Ma’idah, 5: 45); and: { ... Whoever does not judge according to what God has revealed - those are the wicked.} (Al-Ma’idah, 5: 47).

49 Narrated by Muslim in his Sahih, no. 977, and by Al-Tirmidhi, no. 1054 and by others.
50 Narrated by Al-Bukhari in Ktab al-Adhan, no. 693.
51 Narrated by Muslim in Kitab al-Imarah, no. 1855. 

[continue with part 15]

Read the full letter here: Open-Letter-To-Al-Baghdadi [pdf]
Original URL: [ ]

* One of its signatories is Shaykh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, from Syria.

Other Links:
CNN: Syrian Scholar, Sheikh Muhammad al-Yaqoubi, condemns ISIS [ youtube ]

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latest update: 2015-12-08

* living Islam – Islamic Tradition *