Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim

Shhhh.... Did someone say hadrah?

Salaam alaikum,

What is the position in the Hanbali school (both early and later classical scholars, as well as the "controversial ones" throughout) on the subject of Hadra (the Sufi standing/dancing form of zhikr)?


wa `alaykum al-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

The books indicate that the scholars of the Hanbali madhhab, and as was the case in other schools as well, did not have a consensus concerning the hadra.

One scholar who was adamant against the hadra is Ibn Al-Jawzi. This is seen in Mukhtasr Minhaj Al-Qasidin, Ahkam Al-Nisa' and Talbis Iblis. From his accounts of what happened in the hadras of his time he was totally justified in doing so. The hadras he talked about were gatherings of the zanadiqa and they were assemblies of moral corruption..

And one scholar who was a proponent of the hadra was none other than Al-Safarini, the later Hanbali who authored one of the greatest book on athari `aqidah as well as Ghidha Al-Lubab Sharh Alfiyat Al-Adab. Sheikh `Abd Al-Qadir `Isa frequently cites Ghidha Al-Lubab in his book Haqa`iq `An Al-Tasawwuf. In addition to being a top notch scholar of Hanbali fiqh and `aqidah, he was also a student of the great Hanafi sufi sheikh Sheikh `Abd Al-Ghani Al-Nablusi.

Something to keep in mind is that many of the things that Ibn Al-Jawzi condemned Al-Safarini and other proponents of the hadra condemn as well. Proponents of the hadra put conditions on it.

Such a delicate and controversial topic warrants a detail study, if only to show each side that there is enough evidence to require mutual respect. We all, in sha Allah, have more important things to do. Like actually practicing tazkiyat al-nafs instead of talking about it and soiling our tongues.

May Allah be pleased and have mercy on all of the scholars of Islam.

And Allah knows best.

wa al-salamu `alaykum