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Salaam 'Alaikum

Shafi`i: ... whenever Allah is asked to remove something harmful the palms are turned palm side down, which is adab whenever making du`a. It is offensive for him to single himself out in the du`a; the palms are not wiped over the face before going down to sujud (contrary to the Hanbalis). The followers raise their hands too and say amin behind him. This is make only during the last 10 days of Ramada.

(1) I don't see people turning their palms down. Is it a Sunnah that must be done, or an adab that should be done? (2) I see people (don't know about the Imam, whose back is always to me) wiping their faces before sujud, in the city and the country of Jordan.  Can't remember if they do in the States.  Is that wrong, or is just to be avoided b/c you are in salah? (3) In Jordan, they do this all through the month of Ramadan, and also in Jordanian-majority masajid in the US.  Is there a position on this in Shafi'i, or is it again, an adab thing? 

wa `alaykum al-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu

In the Shafi`i it is recommended to turn the palms, though it is not required in any way. Most Shafi`is do not even do this.

Wiping the face after sujud is something that is offensive to do in the Shafi`i madhhab. It is recommended in the Hanbali. Outside of prayer it is recommended to hold the palms facing the sky whiling making du`a and to wipe the face with them after the du`a. This is according to the Shafi`is and Hanbalis, and the Hanafis and Malikis that I know do the same thing.

Laymen, awwam, have no madhhab.

And Allah knows best.

wa al-salamu `alaykum