Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim

What is Dar Al-Harb (3)

Salam `alaykum,

[...] Do you know the following narration: "Every epoch
has a king whom Allah sends in the semblance (`ala nahw) of the
hearts of its people. If He desires their reform He
sends them a reformer, and if He desires their destruction He
sends them one who shall cause their perdition." Al-Fattani said in
Tadhkira al-Mawdu`at (#182): "`Umar said: 'People follow the religion of
their kings.' I do not know it as a Prophetic hadith, but ... it is supported
by what al-Tabarani narrates [and al-Bayhaqi from Ka`b, as stated in Kashf
al-Khafa (2:166)] raised [to the Prophet, Allah bless and greet him]:
"Every epoch has a king... etc."

Al-Tabarani narrated that al-Hasan [al-Basri] heard a man supplicating
against al-Hajjaj whereupon he said to him: "Do not do that! Truly you are
all the same and were treated accordingly. The only thing we fear, if
al-Hajjaj were to be put away or die, is that apes and pigs shall be made
rulers over you. It has been narrated: "Your deeds are your workers
(a`malukum `ummalukum) and as you are, so will your leaders be." ...

Ibn Hajar [al-Haytami] said [in al-Fatawa al-Hadithiyya]: "Al-Najm
said that Ibn Abi Shayba narrated from Mansur ibn Abi al-Aswad that the latter
asked al-A`mash about Allah Almighty's saying: {Thus We let some of the
wrong-doers have power over others because of what they are wont to earn}
(6:129) to which he replied: 'I heard them say about it [that it means]
that the most evil of people are made to rule over them.'" ...

Al-Bayhaqi also narrated from al-Hasan that the Israelites asked
Musa - upon him peace - saying: "Ask your Lord to show us how we can tell He is
pleased with us and how we can tell He is displeased." He asked Him and He
said: "Tell them: My good pleasure with them is [seen in] the fact that I
make their best govern them, and that my displeasure with them is [seen
in] the fact that I make their most evil ones govern them." ...

Al-Sakhawi said in al-Maqasid: "We have narrated from al-Fudayl [ibn
`Iyad] that he said: 'If I had one supplication that is answered, I would
consider the Sultan more deserving of it. For in his uprightness lies the
uprightness of those who are governed by him, and in his corruption lies
their corruption.'" This is supported by what al-Tabarani narrated in
al-Kabir and al-Awsat from Abu Umama, raised [to the Prophet, Allah bless
and greet him]: "Do not curse the governors but supplicate that they be
upright. For their uprightness is best for you." ...

Similarly al-Qasim ibn Mukhaynara's saying: "The epoch in which you
live is nothing other than your governor. If your governor is upright then your
epoch is upright and if your governor is corrupt then your epoch is
corrupt." I mentioned all the narrations in this section in my July 1999
internet post titled "Ape Rule."


Hajj Gibril