Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim
The Second Taslim
[m: for context: the brother asking this question is a Maliki]
As'salamu 'alaykum sidi,
Out of curiosity, what is the ruling on the second taslim amongst the
Hanbalis. I read a translation of Shaykh Muhammad 'Illiyish fatwa by
the Murabitun (unfortunately), and he mentioned that all but a few of
the Hanbaliyya agree that the second taslim is not wajib.
wa `alaykum al-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu
The official position of the late Hanbali madhhab is that it is an integral [rukn] to say two taslims at the end of obligatory prayers, while saying a single one will do for supererogatory prayers, prostrations for gratitude and recitation, and for funeral prayers (Nail al-ma'arib 2.139, Al-Raud al-murbi` pp80-81). According to `Ali al-Mardawi, this is the opinion held by the majority of Hanbali scholars (Tashih al-furu`, included in Al-Furu`, 1.464-65).
There are other opinions in the madhhab regarding the second taslim. Ibn Qudamah considered it a sunnah (Al-`Uddah, p100; Al-Mughni 1.589-90), as did Ibn Taymiyyah (Tashih al-furu`, ibid). Some scholars considered it obligatory [wajib] (ibid).
Thus, it is an integral part of obligatory prayers to say the second taslim according to the official position of the late Hanbali madhhab. It is also the position of the majority of the madhhab's scholars. While this does outwardly agree with the statement that "all but a few of the Hanbaliyya [should be hanabilah --musa] agree that the second taslim is not wajib," it is because the others either hold it to be an integral or sunnah, with the former being the majority and the later being a minority.
And Allah knows best.
wa al-salamu `alaykum