Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim
Assalamualaikum Brother Musa
I want to ask you about the Language of Jummah
Khutbah. Is it necessary to recite some minimum number of
verses in Arabic for it to become valid? What if the whole
khutbah is in English with not even a single verse of Qur'an, not
Wa `alaykum al-salam wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu
First, a quite review of the relevant rulings, as
mentioned in a message on the third of this month. The integrals
[arkan] of the khutbah are:
Giving praise to Allah Most High, by specifically saying
Making prayers upon the Prophet (Allah bless him and give him
Reading a verse from the Qur'an that conveys a complete
Beseeching people to be Godfearing [taqwa], such as
saying â€œittaqu allahâ€ or
The two khutbahs and the prayer being performed
That they be audible such that forty people could hear
And regarding the language, the world is divided into the
People who know enough Arabic to do the entire
khutbah in Arabic
People who do not...
...but can recite Al-Fatihah in Arabic
...and cannot recite Al-Fatah in Arabic
Someone from (1) must use Arabic for all of the integrals. Someone
from (2a) must read Al-Fatihah in Arabic. Someone from (2b) does
Now on to your questions, with slight re-wording.
Q: Is there a minimum number of verses from the Qur'an that must
be read during the khutbah?
A: Yes, at least one single verse from the Qur'an must be read, as
mentioned in the third integral above. Failure to bring a verse
meeting the criteria renders the khutbah invalid.
Q: What if the khutbah lacks a complete verse from the Qur'an?
A: If the person was capable of reciting a complete verse then the
khutbah is invalid. If he was incapable of reciting a complete verse
and everyone else in the community shares the same problem, the
khutbah may be valid; otherwise such a person should not be giving
Q: Does the verse have to be in Arabic?
A: If the person is capable of reciting a verse in Arabic, then it
must be in Arabic. Unless everyone else in the community is also
incapable of reciting it in Arabic, such a person really should not
be giving the khutbah.
Q: What if not a single portion of the khutbah is in Arabic?
A: If the person is capable of doing the integrals in Arabic, such a
khutbah would be invalid. Unless everyone else in the community
shares this same problem, such a person really should not be giving
And Allah knows best.
Wa al-salamu `alaykum,