Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim
Wiping Over Khuff & Other
The science of hadith terminology, mustalih al-hadith, recognizes
a category of hadith known as that which is well known to laymen . This
category has nothing to do with the authenticity of the hadith or the lack
thereof; it simply has to do with the hadith being well known to
non-specialists. Today s article is about a fiqh issue that fits into a
category analogous to this category of hadith, since it is one of those
fiqh issues well known outside of the Hanbali mathab, without much concern
over whether what is known is authentic or not.
I wrote a short article on this several years ago, where I showed what
various books in the mathab had to say and the evidence for the positions.
Today I'm just going to give the basic fiqhi details about wiping over
khuff and what takes their place, and leave the evidence for another
The following text is adapted from an English translation of `Ali
al-Hijjawi's Zad al-mustaqni , with notes from Mansur al-Bahuti's
commentary Al-Raudh al-murbi .
Wiping over Khuff & Other
It is permissible to wipe over footgear for the duration of 24 hours when
the person is a resident or a traveler who is not permitted to shorten
prayers, or for the duration of 72 hours when the person is traveler who is
permitted to shorten.
The period of times begins from nullifying ritual purity after
The conditions of what is wiped over are that it:
(1) be ritually pure
(2) be lawful
(3) cover the essential portion washed during
ablution, including hiding the color of the skin beneath it
(4) attach by itself
(5) be worn after completing ablution
(6) not be removed after meeting the above
conditions and after entering a state of ritual impurity
The things that can be wiped over during when in a state or minor ritual
(1) leather socks (khuff)
(2) thick socks
(3) a man s turban which loops under the neck or
(4) a woman s head-covering which wraps around her
(5) a splint which covers only what is
When in a state of major ritual impurity, only the last one (a split) can
be wiped over.
How long one wipes
Someone wipes like a resident if he:
(1) wiped while traveling and then became
(2) wiped while resident and then became a
(3) has doubts concerning its beginning.
If ritual purity is nullified while resident and he travels before wiping
on khuff or what takes their place, he wipes like a traveler.
What cannot be wiped
One does not wipe over:
(2) something wrapped around the foot simply to
keep it warm
(3) something which does not adhere to the
(4) something from which part of the wiped area is
visible even if just the color of the underlying skin
Socks over socks
If one leather sock was worn over another, then the ruling is for the top
How much must be
It is essential to wipe:
(a) the majority of a turban
(b) the top of the foot from the toes to the
ankle, not the bottom or the ankle
(c) and the entirety of a splint
It is necessary to renew the purification without the khuff or whatever
takes its place if one of the following occurs:
(1) the time expires
(2) part of what is essential to wipe over becomes
uncovered after the first incident of losing purification.
[Adapted from `Ali al-Hijjawi's Zad al-mustaqni , and Mansur
al-Bahuti's commentary Al-Raudh al-murbi .]
 In the book Nail al-ma`arib it is
explicitly stated that it is not a condition that the material be water
repellent. Other books define thick as being thick enough to hide the color
of the skin underneath it.