Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim


More About Filth


While Zad Al-Mustaqni` is sufficient for most issues, it really falls short in a few places. One of those areas where is fall short is the area of filth. Those of you who have the sections on `ibadat from the very quick and dirty English rendering of Zad Al-Mustaqni` can compare its coverage on filth with the following section from Dalil Al-Talib.


Removing Filth

Seven washings are a condition for removing anything filthy. When the affected area has been made filthy by dog or pig, then it is a condition that one of the washings be with ritually pure dirt, soap, or the like.


It is necessary that the taste of the filth be removed; but it is not necessary that its color or scent remain, or that the color and the scent remain when unable to remove them both.


When removing urine of a male child who has not eaten food out of his own desire, it is sufficient to liberally sprinkle the affected area.


When purifying rocks or the ground that has been affected by liquid filth, it is sufficient to liberally soak it in water until the color and scent of the filth leaves-even when the filth is from a dog or a pig.


Ground does not become pure from the sun, winds, or by drying.


Filth does not become pure by being burned.


Wine becomes pure if it becomes vinegar on its own.


If the actual location of the filth is unknown, then one washes until certain that filth has been washed.


Various Substances

Liquid intoxicants; hashish; and birds and animals that are bigger than a cat and are not eaten-are all filth.


Anything smaller than a cat (like snakes and mice) and non-liquid intoxicants-are all pure.


Dead bodies are filth, except for slaughtered animals, humans, fish, locusts, and things that do not themselves have flowing blood (like scorpions, lice, and fleas).


If an animal that is [legal] to eat and the majority of its feed is not filth, then its urine, dung, vomit, pre-ejaculatory fluid, sperm, and milk are all pure. If it is not eaten, then [they are all] filth, except that the sperm and milk of a human being are pure.


Puss and blood are filthy, however in prayer a small amount that would not nullify ritual purity is forgivable-provided the blood is from an animal that is pure while alive-even if it is menstrual or post-partum blood. Small amounts of filth that are scattered over a single garment are considered as if they are combined together [when determining whether or not that amount of blood would invalidate the particular individual's state of purity; see previous posts on the subject of purification]; and each garment is taken into consideration on its own.


Mud on a street that is assumed to be filthy, and the sweat and saliva of pure animals-are all pure.


If a cat or another pure animal or a child eat filth and then drink, it does not effect the purity of the liquid.


The remains of what a pure animals drinks or eats are not offensive.


[Taken from Dalil Al-Talib, with some of the commentary from Nail Al-Ma'arib included in the translations.]