Bismillahi Al-Rahmani Al-Rahim

The Basics Of Ritual Purification

Since prayer is the first thing we will be asked about on Judgment Day, it seems appropriate to begin with the basics of prayer. And since ritual purification (wudhu) is an essential condition for the validity of prayer, it seems the logical place to start.

Sunan actions of ablution       
The sunan of ablution include:
1.      using a toothstick (miswak)
2.      washing the hands three times
3.      beginning by rinsing the mouth and then rinsing the nose
4.      exaggerating in the two, except for someone fasting
5.      penetrating a thick beard (with the fingers)
6.      penetrating the fingers
7.      beginning with the right
8.      taking new water for the ears
9.      and the second and third washings

Note: It is obligatory to wash the hands three times, with intention, and saying “Bismillah”, after rising from nocturnal sleep which invalidates ablution.

It has six essentials:
a.      Washing the face
b.      washing the hands
c.      wiping the entire head, ears included
d.      washing the feet
e.      the order
f.      and consecutiveness, which is not delaying the washing of one limb until the one before it dries

Intention is a condition for all forms of purification. One intends raising ritual impurity or a purification that it would be unlawful (to do something) without.

If one intends something for which ritual purity is recommended (such as: reciting the Qur'an, dhikr, the call to prayer, sleeping, or because of anger) or the sunna of renewing ablution while being forgetful of having invalidated it, then it raises his ritual impurity.

If someone in a state of major ritual impurity intends a sunna purifacatory bath (ghusl) it suffices for the essential, and likewise the opposite.

If a number of ritual impurities combine which require ablution or purifacatory bath (ghusl) and he intends one of them with his purification, then it raises the rest.

It is required to bring the intention at the first of the essential actions, which is saying “Bismillah”, and it is recommended with the first of its sunna actions if one exists before the essential, and its remembrance accompanying it during its entirety; and it is essential that its ruling accompany it (b: by not intending breaking it until completing the purification).

Performing Wudhu
The description of ablution is:
1.      intention;
2.      then saying “Bismillah”;
3.      then washing the hands three times;
4.      then rinsing the mouth and nose three times each, and washing his face, three times, from the hairline to what falls down from the beard and the chin lengthwise, and from ear to ear widthwise: washing its thin hair and the outward side of thick hair and what descends from it;
5.      then washing the hands up to and including the elbow, three times;
6.      then wiping the entire head including the ears one time;
7.      then washing the feet including the ankles, three times;
8.      the remaining essential portion of a severed is washed, and if cut from a joint then the head of the upper arm;
9.      then raising the gaze to the sky and saying what was related.

It is lawful to assist him, and he may dry his limbs.