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Metaphysics

What Is Metaphysics?

It is the study of Allah (may His Majesty be exalted) سبحانه و تعالى in relation to His ongoing Self-manifestation or - in other words - understanding the relationship between Allah’s unity and the world’s multiplicity - all through the vehicle of the islamic revelation.

It is not a branch of philosophy or a mental exercise, but a super-rational knowledge, intuitive and immediate.

Tawhid or the assertion of the unique Unity of existence (and of non-existence) demands that all entities, forms and relationships are governed by a single, supreme Reality, the One, Supreme Principle, which is simultaneously utterly transcendant and also immanent.

Therefore metaphysical knowledge is not human knowledge.

 Metaphysics - Why Is It Necessary Today?

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’Simple’ Faith Becoming Rare

Metaphysics is also important because 'simple' faith is becoming increasingly rare. In bygone days when people lived within relatively closed cultural and religious - communities, without much interaction with the ’outside world’(although there were exceptions), one was a believer, a follower of a tradition, or a libertine, a scoundrel, or maybe a secret atheist, but one was not confused and uncertain about what to believe and how to behave, at least not to the degree that so many are today. …

If more than one religion is true, then no religion can be absolute - but the essential rationale for any religion is just this: that it gives access to Absolute Truth.

So here would emerge a problem, and this is why metaphysical knowledge is necessary for people who would be in need of it. When religious relativism, ignorance and atheism have destroyed faith, nothing but metaphysical understanding can restore it, if Allah wills so.
The System Of Antichrist; Charles Upton, p.77

3. The Flattening of Values

However, in a world where metaphysical knowledge is suppressed, everything is placed on the same value-level; the most wholesome and the most destructive beliefs or cultural manifestations are supposed to have an equal right to exist, simply because they are there.

This is the position of postmodernism and the only thing the postmodernists seem to fear is the tyranny of uniformity where one dominant culture takes over everything and suppresses all minority cultures and beliefs.

This, of course, is exactly what is happening in the world today, as postmodernism is part of the problem (the fitna) and it is profoundly destructive. SAC74

 Metaphysics - Why Is It Necessary Today?

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Red and Yellow leaves

Immersion into metaphysics necessarily entails immersion into the content of revelation. 

Ekrem Demirli

4.

  • 4.1

    The truly metaphysical, let us repeat once more, can be really only be that which is absolutely stable, permanent, independent of all contingencies, and in particular of historical contingencies.

  • 4.2

    That alone is metaphysical which does not change, and it is also this universality of metaphysic which constitutes its essential unity, precluding the multiplicity of philosophical systems and religious dogmas alike, and hence which confers on its profound immutability.

    R Guénon, EDHe126

  • 4.3

    Metaphysics is what is beyond and above nature, therefore it is the one rightly to be called "the Supernatural".

    Metaphysics is the knowledge of the universal principles…

    The domain of principles extends much further than some Occidentals have thought, who - nevertheless …

  • 4.4

    … who - nevertheless - have turned metaphysics but into a partial and incomplete mode.

    For the metaphysics of the Orient, pure Being is neither the first, nor the most universal of principles, because it is already a determination; it is therefore necessary to go beyond Being - this is after all what is most important.

    La Métaphysique Orientale, Éditions Traditionelles, Paris 1993, by Shaykh Abd al Wahid Yahya, René Guénon

  • 4.5

    If one were to ask what is metaphysics, the primary answer would be the science of the Real or, more specifically, the knowledge by means of which man is able to distinguish the Real and the illusory and to know things in their essence or as they are, which means ultimately to know them in divinis.

    Seyyed Hossein Nasr

  • 4.6

    For me, the subject matter of metaphysics is being/existence, and in this respect I am in fundamental agreement with Ibn Sina. But, I also side with Ibn ʿArabi and Qunawi, who maintain that immersion into metaphysics necessarily entails immersion into the content of revelation.

  • 4.7

    It would not be possible, in other words, to understand metaphysical thinking without grasping the nature and scope of revelation. And this would, in keeping with Ibn ʿArabi’s fundamental insight, naturally lead to a more detailed study of man as such, or anthropology.

  • 4.8

    It is also my position that the insights of the great Islamic metaphysicians can be brought into conversation with today’s most significant advances in the human sciences. Such an approach should offer some promise to our contemporaries, who are often disillusioned with simple-minded theological approaches to revelation and the content of religion.

    Ekrem Demirli

Cafes in Damascus, Syria 1830s
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6.

Star sprinkled night sky with a shooting star

Not places to be conquered, but for hearts to open up in humility and wonder.

Allahs سبحانه و تعالى says:

{And We made the sky a protected ceiling, but they, from its signs, are turning away.} (21-32)

The Cosmos Is Expanding

Findings in astrophysics of the last century tell us without doubt that the cosmos or the universe is expanding. So apart from the force of gravity, there is a countering force, an outward push.

Also our galaxy is not the only one, there are other galaxies, far off. The number of those other, visible galaxies beyond our own is estimated to be about 200 billion.

If it is held that the universe is expanding, then it must have a beginning from where it started to expand, and it must have an end, even if it were endless (not infinite!).

Modern science did not expect the universe to have a beginning, as scientists followed their purely materialistic worldview, which postulates that there is only matter and energy to explain all that exists. So now modern science finally discovered that in the distant past matter and equally time[1] itself must have had a beginning. So whatever has a beginning cannot create anything, but is instead created.

If matter and time have a beginning and are themselves instead created ’entities’, then something must have created them and set them into action or ’motion’. This something we call God - Allah (may His Majesty be exalted).

[1] Both time and space are the result of the creative act that brings the cosmos into existence. Prolegomena, Attas

On Metaphysics

[In the West - there is this incomplete] understanding of metaphysic* - because people linked it with specific and contingent points of view.  Metaphysic is not a branch of philosophy - and to treat it that way (as Aristotle did) implies a profound misunderstanding of its real scope and of its character of universality: the absolute Whole cannot form part of something nor can anything else whatsoever enfold or comprise the Universal. 138

(*because Being (ontology) is already a determination and every determination is a limitation.
Being is not really the most universal of all principles. 157)
(*The translator used metaphysic in the singular, as in French ‘la metaphysique’, or German ‘die Metaphysik’.) 

Metaphysic must be of necessity be self-sufficing, since it is the only kind of knowledge which is really direct, and it cannot be based on anything other than itself from the very fact that it consists of the knowledge of universal principles from which all else is derived, including the subject matter of the various sciences. 140

Metaphysical formal expression or exposition must always be formulated in such a way as to leave open possibilities of conception as limitless as the domain of metaphysic itself. 143

Pure metaphysic necessarily excludes all systematization, [quoting] Leibnitz: ’Every system is true in what it affirms and false in what it denies,’ - since a conception of this (systematic) kind leads inevitably to the negation of everything lying outside its scope. 148

The doctrine of non-dualism or non-duality (advaita-vada). Has no equivalent in any European language.
Both terms of spirit and matter are considered simultaneously within the unity of a common but more universal principle - as complements, not opposition. 154

Thus ’non-dualism’ is the only type of doctrine that corresponds to the universality of metaphysic, [which in Islam roughly corresponds to tawhid - unity of the One.]
It is an expression of the most essential and fundamental character of metaphysic itself. 155

More on the expression of metaphysical doctrines:
Because of the absolute indetermination of the most universal principles (f ex the idea of the Infinite), one has better to resort to negative expressions (such as ’is not’).

The negation of a determination or of a limitation is properly the negation of a negation, and therefore a real affirmation, so that the negation of all determination is equivalent in reality to affirmation total and absolute. 157

It should never be forgotten that pure metaphysic is in itself absolutely independent of all the more or less imperfect terminologies in which we try to clothe it, in order to make it more accessible to human understanding. 158

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