Jawahir al-Kalamiyya Questionnaire
by GFH
= Questionnaire of
AL-JAWAHIR AL-KALAMIYYA
FI IDAH AL-`AQIDA AL-ISLAMIYYA

("JEWELS OF THEOLOGY
CLARIFYING ISLAMIC BELIEF")
by Shaykh Tahir al-Jaza'iri (1268-1338)



Introduction

1. What is the meaning of Islamic belief?
2. What is the meaning of Islam?
3. What are the pillars of Islamic belief?

Heading I: Belief in Allah Most High

1. What is the general belief in Allah Most High?
2. What is its detailed definition?
3. What is the correct belief in the existence of Allah most High?
4. What is the correct belief in the fact that Allah Most High has no beginning?
5. What is the correct belief in the fact that Allah Most High has no end?
6. What is the correct belief that Allah Most High is different from creatures?
7. What is the proof for the previous reply?
8. What is the correct belief that His Attributes are different from those of creatures?
9. What is the correct belief that His acts are different from those of creatures?
10. What is the correct belief that Allah Most High is self-subsistent?
11. What is the correct belief in the life of Allah Most High?
12. What is the correct belief in the oneness of Allah Most High?
13. What is the correct belief in the knowledge of Allah Most High?
14. What is the correct belief in the power of Allah Most High?
15. What is the correct belief in the will of Allah Most High?
16. What is the correct belief in the hearing of Allah Most High?
17. What is the correct belief in the sight of Allah Most High?
18. What is the correct belief in the speech of Allah Most High?
19. Tell us about the attributes which it is impossible to attribute to our Lord.
20. What are the acts that are impossible to issue from Him?
21. What is meant by the verse of istiwa?
22. Can we attribute to Allah Most high two hands, eyes, or the like?
23. What is meant by "the hand" of Allah Most High in such verses?
24. Who are the authorities for the replies on the meanings of such attributes?
25. How can we affirm something then say "the how of it is unknown"?
26. Which of the two schools, the Salaf (early Muslims) or the Khalaf (later Muslims) is preponderant?


Heading II: Belief in the Angels

1. What are angels?
2. Can human beings see them?
3. What are the duties of the angels?


Heading III: Belief in the Books of Allah Most High

1. What is the correct belief in the Books of Allah Most High?
2. What should one believe about the Torah?
3. What do the Ulema say about belief in the Torah that is now in circulation?
4. What is [the definition of] your belief about the Zabur (Psalms)?
5. What is [the definition of] your belief about the Injil (Gospel)?
6. What do the great Ulema believe about the Gospel that is now in circulation?
7. What is [the definition of] your belief concerning the Qur'an?
8. Why is the noble Qur'an the greatest of all Prophetic miracles?


Heading IV: Belief in the Messengers, upon them blessings and peace

1. What is the correct belief in the Messengers
2. What is the meaning of "nabi"?
3. What is the number of the Prophets?
4. What is the mu`jiza?
5. What is the wisdom behind the manifestation of mu`jiza at the hand of Prophets?
6. In what way does the Prophetic miracle give a proof of the truthfulness of Prophets and is tantamount to Allah most High saying: "My servant speaks the truth"?
7. What is the difference between mu`jiza and sihr?
8. What is the difference between mu`jiza and karama?
9. What is obligatory for Prophets?
10. What is impossible for them?
11. If disobedience is impossible for them, how did Adam eat from the forbidden tree?
12. What is possible for Prophets?
13. What is the wisdom of the fact that they can get sick, feel pain and so forth?
14. What is the summary of what we must believe concerning them?
15. How many special attributes are exclusively for our Prophet, upon him blessings and peace?
16. Why was he the Seal of Prophets?
17. How is it said that he is the Seal of Prophets although `Isa shall descend at the end of time?
18. What are some of the most important mu`jizaat of our Prophet, upon him blessings and peace?
19. What are the characteristics of the life of our Prophet, upon him blessings and peace?


Heading V: Concerning Belief in the Last Day

1. What is the Last Day and what is the meaning of belief in it?
2. What should we believe concerning the last Day and what pertains to it?
3. What is your belief concerning the questioning in the grave followed by its bliss or its punishment?
4. If a wild animal devours a human being and his remains are in its belly, or he falls in the sea and disappears there, is such a person going to be questioned and punished or blessed in the grave?
5. When the dead person receives back his or her soul and then is questioned, followed by either punishment or bliss, why can people see nothing of that?
6. Is there a helpful similitude for this subject?
7. What is the correct belief concerning bodily resurrection and the fact that creation shall return exactly the way it began?
8. What is [the definition of] your belief concerning the Reckoning (hisab?)
9. What is [the definition of] your belief concerning the Balance (mizan)?
10. What is [the definition of] your belief concerning the Bridge (sirat)?
11. Will there be intercession for anyone on that Day?
12. Whoever is allowed to intercede, will intercede for whom?
13. Will there be intercession for disbelievers?
14. What is the Kawthar?
15. What is the status of the obedient Believer after the Reckoning?
16. What is the status of the disbeliever or hypocrite after the Reckoning?
17. What is the status of the disobedient Believer after the Reckoning?
18. What is the Garden of Paradise?
19. What is the Fire of Hell?


Heading VI: Belief in Qada' and Qadar

1. What is correct belief in qada' and qadar?
2. Since Allah Most High creates all the acts of His servants, is not the servant forced to do all he does, a forced person deserving neither reward nor punishment?
3. Give us an example that clarifies why a servant is not forced to do what he does.
4. What is the outcome of the fact that a servant's acts are voluntary?
5. If someone wrongs another then claims this was foreordained for him to do, can such an excuse be accepted?
6. What is the summary of correct belief in qada' and qadar?


Conclusion: Important Matters Mentioned by the Early Muslims

1. Is it allowed to discuss the Essence of Allah Most High on a rational basis?
2. If the mind cannot understand the Essence of Allah Most High, what is the way to attain knowledge of Him, which is obligatory for every individual?
3. Through what do we know Allah Most High although we cannot see him with our eyes?
4. Is there something among creatures by which we can ascertain His existence without seeing Him?
5. Is it permissible to probe the reality of the spirit/soul (al-ruh)?
6. Is it possible to see Allah Most High with our eyes?
7. Is the evil eye a reality?
8. How can the evil eye have any effect since sight is one of the most subtle parts of a human being, and is not concretely connected to its object nor emits anything concrete?
9. What is the best of all communities after the Prophets, upon them blessings and peace?
10. What is Isra' and Mi`raj?
11. Does supplication benefit the supplicant or the object of supplication, and does the reward of charity reach the dead if donated to them?
12. Are the bliss of Paradise and the punishment of Hellfire spiritual or physical, and are they perpetual or finite?
13. Can a wali reach the level of a Prophet and does he ever reach a level where obligations are no longer in effect?
14. What is the definition of the mujtahid and who are the mujtahids who are followed?
15. Why do the mujtahids differ over certain questions?
16. What are the preconditions of the Final Hour?
17. Who is a blessed one?


by GFH
[SP 2006-06-16]







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