Yes, Muslims, read your own history but according to Muslim criteria i.e. the verifying sciences of the huffaz, not according to Western criteria of reporting everything that the wind carries to your ears just because one has good intentions.
Al-Nasa'i, al-Hakim, and others said there are no authentic narrations - or close to none - in praise of Mu`awiya (ra) and al-Dhahabi said most of them are weak or forged. But it is enough merit for Mu`awiya that Allah Most High granted him to conquer more lands and build up Islam more than at any other time before him.
Al-Tirmidhi (hasan gharib) and Ahmad from the Companion `Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi `Umayra al-Azdi, perhaps the only authentic hadith of this post with the very last one.
A true translation of this report would be: "O Allah! guide him with guidance; fend him off from disgrace; and forgive him here and hereafter." Al-Haythami said (#15915): "Al-Tabarani narrated it and its chain contains al-Sari ibn `Asim who is weak." More precisely he is accused of lying and of stealing chains and attributing them to himself.
A true translation would be: "O Allah! Teach Mu`awiya the Book and arithmetic (al-hisab), and save him from punishment." Its chain contains al-Harith ibn Zyad al-Shami who is unknown (majhul) as stated by al-Dhahabi and Ibn `Abd al-Barr, and the latter graded this hadith as rejected (munkar). Cf. Ma`ruf and al-Arna'ut, Tahrir Taqrib al-Tahdhib (1:234-235 #1022).
Al-Haythami (#15923): "Al-Tabarani narrated it and its chain contains narrators I do not know."
Such was the confidence which Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) had in the leadership qualities and trustworthiness of Mu'awiya (Radhiallaahu Anhu) that Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) once consulted with Abu Bakr (Radhiallaahu Anhu) and Umar (Radhiallaahu Anhu) regarding a certain matter. They were unable to give a suitable suggestion. Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) then sent for Mu'awiya (Radhiallaahu Anhu) saying: 'Consult Mu'awiya (Radhiallahu Anhu) in your affairs since he is trustworthy and reliable.' (Tabrani, Bazzaar)
Yes, al-Haythami (#15916) states that al-Tabarani and al-Bazzar narrate it, then he declares it a munkar narration.
Its chain contains a missing link as stated by al-Haythami (15919) as well as Abu Hilal al-Rasibi who is weak, cf. Tahrir (3:250 #5923).
But Ibn Kathir cited his chain, it is gharib and contains Mujalid ibn Sa`id al-Hamdani who is not strong,
Al-Haythami said (#15925): "Al-Tabarani narrated it and its chain contains Abu Bakr ibn Abi Maryam whose memory is muddled." Elsewhere (e.g. #892, 893, 1108, 2746) al-Haythami states that Ibn Abi Maryam is "munkar al-hadith" i.e. his narrations are rejected and he is "matruk" i.e. discarded.
Narrated from Umm Haram bint Malhan, Anas' maternal aunt, by al-Bukhari in his Sahih, Book of Jihad.
Narrated from Anas ibn Malik by al-Bukhari in his Sahih, Book of Jihad.
Correct, in the year 28 as in Fath al-Bari in commentary of this report.
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