Dhikr versus Takfir
Imam Abu al-Qasim ibn `Asakir narrates in Tabyin Kadhib al-Muftari (p.
373-) with his chains:
1. From Khaddash ibn `Iyash:
We were sitting in a circle in al-Kufa when a man among us said: "We were
sitting with Abu Hurayra whereupon a young man passed by. A man sitting
with us said: 'This is a Kafir from among the people of the Fire.' Abu
Hurayra rose and went to speak with the young man, asking him: 'Who are
you?' He replied: 'Son-and-so, son of So-and-so.' Abu Hurayra said: 'Allah
have mercy on your father!' The young man was looking around, so he asked
him: 'What are you looking for?' He replied: 'I have not prayed yet.' Abu
Hurayra said: 'So you pray?' The young man replied: 'Subhan Allah!' Abu
Hurayra: 'And you say Subhan Allah?' He said: 'La Ilaha illAllah!!' Abu
Hurayra: 'And you say La Ilaha illAllah?' The young man said: 'I would
prefer not to leave Salat even if I were given all there is on the face of
the earth.' Abu Hurayra said: 'Allah have mercy on you. Allah have mercy
on you. Allah have mercy on you.' Then he came back to his seat in the
circle and said: 'I heard the Messenger of Allah say: "Whoever bears
testimony against a Muslim of which the latter is not deserving, let him
prepare for his seat in the Fire."'"
2. From `Ubayd Allah ibn `Umar, from Nafi`:
A man said to Ibn `Umar: "I have a neighbor who bears witness against me
that I commit shirk." He replied: "Say: 'La Ilaha illAllah,' you will make
him a liar."
3. From Sawwar ibn Shabib al-A`raji:
I was sitting in Ibn `Umar's house when a man came and said: "O Ibn `Umar!
There are groups of people bearing witness against us and attributing to
us kufr and shirk." Ibn `Umar replied: "Woe to you! Did you not say: 'La
Ilaha IllAllah'?!" Whereupon the entire household began to say La Ilaha
IllAllah until the house was shaking.
4. From al-A`mash, from Abu Sufyan:
We came to see Jabir ibn `Abd Allah who lived in Makkah and resided with
the Banu Fihr. A man asked him: "Did you [the Companions] use to call
anyone from the People of the Qibla [i.e. Muslims], 'Mushrik'?" He
replied: "I seek refuge in Allah." The man continued: "Did you call anyone
from them 'Kafir'?" He said: "No."
GF Haddad ©
Charging The Muslims With Shirk