NAWAWI'S GREETING
OF THE PROPHET MHMD 
by Sh. G. F. Haddad


Bismillah al-Rahman al-Raheem
was-salaat was-salaam `alaa Rasul-illah wa 'alaa alihi wa sahbihi wa sallam



Imam Nawawi writes in his al-Idah fi Manasik al-Hajj
(The Clarification concerning the rituals of the Pilgrimage):(1)


Chapter 6: On Visiting the Grave of our Master, the Messenger of
Allah, Peace be upon him.
...

(After entering Madina) the pilgrim should attune himself to the feeling of the greatness of Allah's Messenger; his heart should be full of his presence, as if he is seeing him. When he arrives at the door of his mosque, let him say the things (i.e. invocations) he says when entering Mecca; he should enter with his right foot and leave with his left, as he should when entering and leaving any Masjid. As he approaches the holy Rawda, which is the place between the Prophet's grave and his pulpit, he prays tahiyyat al-Masjid (the prayer of greeting the Masjid) near the Minbar, in the standing place of Allah's Messenger. In the book of Madina the distance between the Minbar and the Maqam or standing place, where he used to pray until his death, is fourteen arm- lengths and one hand span, and the distance between the Minbar and the grave is fifty-three arm lengths and a span, and Allah knows best.

After he prays the Tahiyya in the Rawda (or anywhere else in the Masjid), in thankfulness to Allah for this bounty, and asking Him for the completion of his mission and for the acceptance of his visit, he should face the wall of the holy grave, with the Qibla behind him, looking to the lower part of the grave's wall, lowering his gaze in a state of awe and reverence, emptying his heart of worldly concerns and focusing on the reverent nature of his situation and the status of the one in whose presence he is. Then he gives greetings in a voice neither too loud nor too soft, but with moderation; he says:

1. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Rasul Allah
2. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Nabi Allah
3. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Khiyarat Allah
4. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Khayr Allah
5. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Habib Allah
6. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Nadhir
7. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Bashir
8. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Tuhr
9. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Tahir
10. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Nabi al-Rahma
11. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Nabi al-Umma
12. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Aba Qasim
13. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Rasul Rabb al-`Alamin
14. Al-Salamu `alayka ya sayyid al-mursalin wa ya khatam al-
nabiyyin
15. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Khayr al-Khala'iqi ajma`in
16. Al-Salamu `alayka ya Qa'id al-Ghurri al-Muhajjalin
17. Al-Salamu `alayka wa `ala Alika wa Ahli baytika wa Azwajika wa
Dhurriyyatika wa Ashabika ajma`in
18. Al-Salamu `alayka wa `ala Sa'ir al-Anbiya'i wa Jami`i `Ibad
Allah al-Salihin
19. Jazak Allahu Ya Rasulallahi `anna Afdala ma jaza Nabiyyan wa
Rasulan `an Ummatihi
20. Wa Sallallahu `alayka wa Sallama kulla ma dhakaraka dhakirun
wa ghafala `an dhikrika ghafilun
21. Afdala wa Akmala wa Atyaba ma Salla wa Sallama `ala Ahadin
min al-Khalqi ajma`in
22. Ashhadu an La Ilaha Illallahu wahdahu la sharika lah
23. Wa ashhadu annaka `Abduhu wa Rasuluhu wa Khiyaratuhu min
khalqihi
24. Wa ashhadu annaka qad ballaghta al-Risala wa addayta al-Amana
wa nasahta al-Umma wa jahadta fillahi haqqa jihadih
25. Allahumma atihi al-wasilata wa al-fadilata wa ib`athhu maqaman
mahmudan al-ladhi wa`adtah
26. Wa atihi nihayata ma yanbaghi an yas'aluhu al-sa'ilun
27. Allahumma salli `ala Sayyidina Muhammadin `abdika wa rasulika
al-Nabiyyi al-Ummi wa `ala Ali Sayyidina Muhammadin wa
Azwajihi wa dhurriyyatih
28. Kama sallayta `ala Sayyidina Ibrahima wa `ala Ali Sayyidina
Ibrahima
29. Wa barik `ala Sayyidina Muhammadin al-nabiyyi al-ummi wa `ala
Ali Sayyidina Muhammadin wa Azwajihi wa dhurriyyatih
30. Kama barakta `ala Sayyidina Ibrahima wa `ala Ali Sayyidina
Ibrahima fi al-`alamina innaka Hamidun Majid.

Translation:

1. Peace be upon you O Messenger of Allah
2. Peace be upon you O Prophet of Allah
3. Peace be upon you O Elect of Allah
4. Peace be upon you O Goodness of Allah
5. Peace be upon you O Beloved of Allah
6. Peace be upon you O Warner
7. Peace be upon you O Bearer of Glad Tidings
8. Peace be upon you O Purity
9. Peace be upon you O Pure One
10. Peace be upon you O Prophet of Mercy
11. Peace be upon you O Prophet of the Community
12. Peace be upon you O Father of Qasim
13. Peace be upon you O Messenger of the Lord of the Worlds
14. Peace be upon you O Master of Messengers and Seal of Prophets
15. Peace be upon you O Best of All Creatures
16. Peace be upon you O Leader of the Bright-faced ones
17. Peace be upon you and upon your Family, the People of your
House, your Wives, your Children, and all your Companions
18. Peace be upon you and upon all the Prophets and Allah's
righteous Servants
19. May Allah reward you, O Messenger of Allah, with the best
reward a Prophet or a Messenger ever received on behalf of his
Community
20. Blessings and Peace of Allah upon you every time one remembers
you and every time one fails to remember you
21. With the best, most perfect, and choicest of blessings and
peace ever bestowed upon anyone in creation
22. I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah alone, without
partner
23. And I bear witness that you are His servant, His Messenger,
His Elect among all creatures
24. And I bear witness that you have conveyed the Message and
fulfilled the trust and counseled the Community and striven for Allah with the most truthful striving
25. O Allah! Grant him the Means (to you) and the Excellent Gift
and Raise him to the Exalted Station You have promised him
26. And grant him the goal of what those who beseech You must
beseech for him
27. O Allah! Send blessings on our Master Muhammad Your servant
and Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, and upon the
Family of our Master Muhammad, his Wives and his Children
28. As you have sent blessings on our Master Ibrahim and on the
Family of our Master Ibrahim
29. And send benedictions on our Master Muhammad Your servant
and Messenger, the Unlettered Prophet, and upon the
Family of our Master Muhammad, his Wives and his Children
30. As you have sent benedictions on our Master Ibrahim and on the
Family of our Master Ibrahim in the worlds, for You are
truly the most praiseworthy and noble.

As for him who cannot memorize all of this or who does not
have the time to recite it, it is enough to recite a part of it,
as a minimum the words: Al-Salamu `alayka ya Rasul Allah.


(1) Imam Nawawi, al-Idah fi manasik al-hajj (Damascus: dar
ibn Khaldun, n.d.) p. 486-498. See also identical passages in
Nawawi's Adhkar (many editions) and his Majmu` (8:212f.).


Blessings and Peace on the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions


Abu Hammad
GFH
[2 Oct 1996]







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