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Sermon in the First Jumʿa

of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ

(the blessings and peace of Allah upon him)

Hadith Twenty-Six

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His Sermon ﷺ in the First Jumʿa He Prayed in al-Madina al-Munawwara

Ibn Jarir al-Tabari said:

Yunus ibn ʿAbd al-Aʿla said: Ibn Wahb told us: From Saʿid ibn ʿAbd al-Rahman al-Jamhi: News reached the latter that in the Prophet's ﷺ khutba in the first Jumʿa that he prayed in al-Madina, among the Banu Salim ibn ʿAmr ibn ʿAwf, he said:

"Praise and glory to Allah!
I praise and glorify Him,
I seek His help and forgiveness,
I seek His guidance,
I believe in Him and do not deny Him,
and I take as my enemy those who deny Him.

I bear witness that there is no God except Allah alone without partner,
and that Muhammad is His worshipper and Messenger whom He sent with right guidance and the true Religion,
with light and admonition,
after an interval of time without Messengers, in which knowledge had waned,
misguidance had spread among people, time had become short, the Hour had dawned, and the end is near.

Whoever obeys Allah and His Prophet has followed right,
and whoever disobeys them has gone astray, wasted his opportunity, and truly gone far into misguidance.

I call upon you to fear Allah! Truly the best to which a Muslim can call another Muslim is that he urges him to seek the Hereafter and command him to fear Allah.

Beware, therefore, when وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ ٱللهُ نَفْسَهُ } - Allah bids you beware of Him } (3:28). There is no better faithful advice than this. There is no better admonition than this. Truly it is a safeguard (taqwā ) for anyone that heeds it in true Godwariness (wajal ) and devout fear. Truly it is trusty help toward what you seek of the Hereafter.

Whoever sets aright what lies between himself and Allah (may His Majesty be exalted! ) in matters both private and public, intending nothing thereby other than Allah's countenance:

It will be for him a reminder in his worldly existence and provision for him after death, when a human being finds himself depending solely upon the deeds he has sent forth, and whatever else, he { will long that there might be a mighty space of distance between it and that (evil). Allah bids you beware of Him. And Allah is full of pity for (His) bondmen } (3:30).

By the One Whose Word is true and Who discharged His promise:
it shall not be otherwise than what I have described!
For He says - Exalted and Almighty:
{ The sentence that comes from Me cannot be changed, and I am in no wise a tyrant unto the slaves } (50:29).

Beware Allah in your worldly matters as well as your otherworldly ones, in secret and openly.
For whoever fears Allah, He shall absolve him of his evils and grant him a great reward.
Whoever fears Allah has achieved a huge victory. Truly fear of Allah protects one from what He detests. It protects one from His punishment. It protects one from His wrath. Truly fear of Allah makes one illustrious and raises one's rank.

Take your share but do not fall short regarding Allah's side. Allah has taught you His book and made plain for you the way to Him, so as to make known (li yaʿlama ) those who are truthful and to make known the liars.

Therefore, excel in goodness just as Allah has excelled in goodness toward you. Take His enemies for your enemies. { And strive for Allah with the endeavor which is His right. He has chosen you } { and has named you Muslims } (22:78) { that he who perished might perish by a clear proof and he who survived might survive by a clear proof } (8:42).

And { There is no strength save in Allah } (18:39) so remember and mention Allah abundantly and work for what comes after death! Whoever sets aright what lies between himself and Allah, Allah shall give him sufficiency in what lies between himself and humankind.

That is because Allah سبحانه و تعالى pronounces judgment on mankind while they do not pronounce judgment against Him; and He owns rights over them while they own no right over Him.

Allah is greatest!
And there is no change nor power but with Allah the Exalted, the Almighty!"

The hadith master Ibn Kathir said: "This is how Ibn Jarir narrated it, and there is omission of the Companion (irsāl ) in its chain of transmission."Then he went on to say: "Al-Bayhaqi said: 'Chapter of the First Sermon Delivered by Allah's Messenger ﷺ when he arrived in al-Madina.'"
Then Ibn Kathir mentioned al-Bayhaqi's chain to Abu Salama ibn ʿAbd al-Rahman ibn ʿAwf who said: "This was the first sermon delivered by Allah's Messenger ﷺ when he first took up residence in it.

He glorified Allah and praised Him as becomes Him then he said:

To proceed: O people!
Send forth [good deeds] for your own sakes.
You know full well - by Allah! - that one of you may be struck down (layusʿaqanna ) whereupon he shall surely leave his sheep without shepherd.
Then his Lord shall surely say to him - without any translator nor doorkeeper between him and his Lord:
'Did my Messenger not come to you and convey [My message] to you?
Did I not provide you with property and favor you?
What, then, did you send forth for yourself?'
The servant will then look right and left but he will not find anything.
He will look in front of him and see nothing but Hell-Fire.

Therefore, whoever among you is able to protect his face from the Fire, even with half a date, let him do so.
And if he does not find half a date, then with a good word.
For through that good word his good deed shall be repaid tenfold and up to seven hundredfold.

Peace be upon you and upon Allah's Messenger, and Allah's mercy and His blessings."

Then Allah's Messenger ﷺ spoke another time and said:

Truly the best discourse is Allah's Book!
He has achieved success, he in whose heart Allah adorned it, entering him into Islam after unbelief, whereupon he chose it above the speech of all mankind.
Truly it is the most beautiful speech and the most eloquent.

Love those whom Allah loves!
Love Allah with all your hearts!
Do not grow weary of Allah's discourse and remembrance!
Let not your hearts harden against it!

For whoever chooses Allah and prefers Him, He has named it His favored one among all deeds, His favored one among all worshippers, and the most becoming of all speech, above all that mankind was ever given, both the licit and the unlawful.

Therefore, worship Allah
and do not worship anything together with Him!
Fear Him as He ought to be feared!
Confirm to Allah whatever righteous word you say with your mouths!
Love one another with Allah's spirit among yourselves!

Truly Allah hates that His covenant be broken.

Peace upon you all, and Allah's Mercy, and His blessings.

Ibn Kathir said, after narrating the above: This path of transmission is also missing the Companion-link except that it strengthens the one before it, even if the wording differs.



Related texts
link-in About Prophet Muhammad ( sallAllahu ʿaleihi wa sallam )


* Living Islam – Islamic Tradition *