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At-taHiyyātu, Arabic - transcrib. w/English,
w/ ref.

extended version



At-taHiyyātu li-LLAHI-zzakiyātu li-LLAHI TTayyibātu wa SSalawātu

Assalāmu 'aleika ayyuha-nnabiyyul-karīm wa raHmatu-LLAHI wa barakātuhu

Assalāmu 'aleinā wa 'alā 'ibādi-LLAHI SSāliHīna

Ashhadu an lā ilāha illa-LLAH waHdahu lā sharīka-lah(u)

Ashhadu anna MuHammadan 'abduhu wa rasūluhu. (o*)


Allahumma Salli 'alā Sayyidinā Muhammad(in)

wa 'alā āli Sayyidinā Muhammad

Kamā Saleita 'alā Sayyidinā Ibrāhīm(a)

wa 'alā āli Sayyidinā Ibrāhīm

wa bārik 'alā Sayyidinā Muhammad

wa 'alā āli Sayyidinā Muhammad

Kamā bārakta 'alā Sayyidinā Ibrāhīm

wa 'alā āli Sayyidinā Ibrāhīm

Innaka Hamīdun majīd fi-l 'alamīn (e*)


One is further well advised to say:

Allahumma innī a'ūdhu bika min 'adhābi jaHannam
wa min 'adhābi-l qabri
wa min fitnati-l maHyā mamāt(i)
wa min fitnati-l masīHi-d dajjāl (1*)

Allahumma ighfir-lī mā qadamtu wa mā akhartu wa mā asrartu wa mā a'lantu
wa mā asraftu wa mā anta a'lamu bihi minnī.
Anta-l muqaddimu wa anta-l mu.akhkhiru lā ilāha illa anta (2*)

Allahumma mati'nī bi-sam'ī wa baSarī wa-j'alhumā-l wāritha minnī
wa-nSurnī 'alā man Zalamī wa khudh minhu bitha.arī (3*)



(1) at-tashahhud: (to say at-taHiyyaatu....)

According to 'Abduallah ibn 'Abbas who said that Allahs Messenger (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) used to teach the Muslims the 'tashahhud' just as he would teach them a sura of the Quran. (Muslim)

'Abd Allah b. Mas'uud said: When we (prayed and) sat up during prayer along with the Apostle of Allah (pbuh), we said: "Peace be to Allah before (it is supplicated for) His servants; peace be to so and so." The Apostle of Allah (pbuh) said; Do not say "Peace be to Allah," for Allah himself is peace. (And so on as below) (Abu Dawud)

And in other hadith:

Narrated Shaqiq bin Salama:

'Abdullah said, "Whenever we prayed behind the Prophet we used to recite (in sitting) 'Peace be on Gabriel, Michael, peace be on so and so. Once Allah's Apostle looked back at us and said, 'Allah Himself is As-Salam (Peace), and if anyone of you prays then he should say,
All the compliments, prayers and good things are due to Allah: peace be on you, O Prophet and Allah's mercy and blessings be on you. Peace be on us and on the true pious slaves of Allah. (If you say that, it will be for all the slaves in the heaven and the earth). I testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I also testify that Muhammad is His slave and His Apostle." (Al-Bukhari, Volume 1, Book 12, Number 794)

(2) Blessing on the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace)

Ka'ab b. 'Ujrah said: We said or the people said: Apostle of Allah, you have commanded us to invoke blessing on you and to salute you. As regards salutation we have already learnt it. How should we invoke blessing on to you? He said: Say:
"Oh Allah, bless Muhammad and Muhammad's family as You did bless Abraham and Abraham's family. Oh Allah, grant favours to Muhammad and Muhammad's family as You did grant favours to Abraham [and Abraham's family]. You indeed are praiseworthy and glorious." (Abu Dawud)

To invoke blessing on the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and on his family after the tashahhud during prayer is obligatory (wajib) in the opinion of 'Umar, Ibn 'Umar, Ibn Mas'ud and many others. Most of the scholars, however, maintain that it is not obligatory, but commendable or recommended (sunnah). This view is held by Abu Hanifah, Malik, al-Thawri, and others. ('Awn al-Ma'bud, I, 370)

(1*) Abu Huraira relates that the prophet Muhammad (Salla-LLahu 'aleihi wa sallam) said: When you have recited tashahud (after invoking blessings in the final sitting position) you should seek the protection of Allah from four [evil situations], saying:

Oh Allah, I seek Thy protection from the torment of hell
from the torment of the grave, from the trials of life and death,
and from the mischief and trials of Masihid-Dajjal (the Anti-Christ).    (Muslim)     

(2*) 'Ali said that when the Prophet (s) used to stand in prayer,
the last thing he said between the tashahud (Words of Witness) and the Words of Peace was:

Oh Lord forgive me for what I have done in the past and what I have done thereafter;
for what I have kept secret and what I have done openly;
for my excess and of that which You know more than I do,
You provide and You take away. There is no god but You.   (Related by Muslim) 

(3*) bsp;&nbs





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