According to one of the great jurists of the Hanafi school of the twentieth century, the late Shaikh Mustafa Az-Zarqa, Muslims living in time zones where daylight hours are unusually long may base their times for imsak and iftar on the regular timetables followed in Makkah and Madinah.
Ramadan in the summer at high latitudes, Sheikh Ahmad KuttyFatwa on fasting in Ramadan during the UK summer, Sheikh Dr. Usama Hasan (London, UK)
Regarding The Dawn Method (preferred) and The Sunset Method
Fastan i norr, (Part 3. is in English)
Fasting Ramadhan In Scandinavian Countries
Partly in English, with chapters:
- Answer: Fatwa Council - Al Azhar
- Scholarly opinions
- Fatwa Al-Azhar (Arabic)
"In any case, what Westerners call civilization, the others would call barbarity, because it is precisely lacking in the essential, that is to say, a principle of a higher order."
René Guénon, East And West, 1924
صلّى الله على سيّدنا محمّد و على آله و صحبه و سلّم
The blessings and peace of Allah on the Prophet, his Family, and his Companions, ( sallAllahu `aleihi wa sallam ) .