Edited and Slides by Omar K Neusser
02 The Final Goal of All Islamic Learning
The philosophers or Sufis held that the final goal of all Islamic learning – and, indeed, of all religion – is to awaken people to their own intellectual and spiritual nature, which is the divine image found in the heart. One of the most famous members of this tradition – al-Ghazālī – sums up its role in the title of his magnum opus, Ihyâ Ulûmu-ddîn: ‘Giving Life to Religious Knowledge.’ It is certainly not without relevance that Ibn al-ʿArabī came to be called Muhyi’l-Dīn (‘He who gives life to the religion’).
Muhyiddin Ibn `Arabi; Presentation of Some 29 Texts
 On the significance of this name and the likelihood that Ibn al-ʿArabī used it to refer to himself, see Stephen Hirtenstein, ‘Reviving the Dead: Ibn ʿArabī as Heir of Jesus,’ JMIAS 57 (2015), 37–56.