Edited and Slides by Omar K Neusser
14 The Islamic Worldview: Descent Sustainance Reintegration
When Muslim scholars set down the Islamic worldview, they did so with the time-honored purpose of explaining the manner in which the One interrelates with the many.
They typically described the descent of all things – their ‘devolution’ if you like – from the Real. This descent begins with a first manifestation that was called by many names, such as the First Intellect or the Muhammadan Spirit.
As things move farther from the Real, they are sustained by the Real at every stage of their unfolding.
Eventually everything that emerges from the One reaches a furthest limit, and then it reverses direction and is gradually reintegrated into its origin.
In briefest terms, this worldview held that the One gives rise to the many, the One sustains the many, and the One brings the many back to Itself.
Muhyiddin Ibn `Arabi; Presentation of Some 29 Texts