Society

Islamic View on Peace and Justice in Society

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As Muslims we know that we have to improve and reform society, no society is ideal.

The ideal norms of society as envisaged by the Quran and Hadith include the establishment of justice and equality before the Divine Law, economic fair play, and the just distribution of wealth, while legitimizing private property and encouraging economic activities, equitable treatment of all (Muslims and non-Muslims), and the creation of a religious social environment in which the presence of the Transcendant is never forgotten. In such a society family bonds are honoured over tribal ones, but the truth is considered even above family affiliations.

Leading a good life, Allah did nor create us to be miserable:

{Whoever does good whether male or female and he is a believer, We will most certainly make him live a happy life, and We will most certainly give them their reward for the best of what they did.} 16-97

Islam strikes a balance between this world and the next, as Muslims are adressed as the middle community in the Quran (2-143). God chose for Muslims the golden mean, i.e. avoidance of extremes in ethical and religious actions. And as a middle community they may create a balance between various communities and nations.

The role of Islam is to save human souls, and on the Day of Judgement, human beings will see what they have on their scales of good and bad actions, and those which were done purely for God.

Adapted from: The Heart of Islam, S H Nasr

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Starting from the premise that all people have an innate yearning for the Divine (although not always aware about it), which they will interpret in million different ways, and that peaceful living among all groups and classes, ethnicities, races and religions is paramount for the success of every society, we intend here to focus on some elements from the islamic tradition which will be the basis to this above-mentioned highest social goal.

First of all there is this quranic verse, which inculcates the importance of justice, because without it, there will be oppression and in the end destruction:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا كُونُوا قَوَّامِينَ بِالْقِسْطِ شُهَدَاءَ لِلَّهِ وَلَوْ عَلَىٰ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَوِ الْوَالِدَيْنِ وَالْأَقْرَبِينَ إِن يَكُنْ غَنِيًّا أَوْ فَقِيرًا فَاللَّهُ أَوْلَىٰ بِهِمَا فَلَا تَتَّبِعُوا الْهَوَىٰ أَن تَعْدِلُوا وَإِن تَلْوُوا أَوْ تُعْرِضُوا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ بِمَا تَعْمَلُونَ خَبِيرً

{O ye who believe! Be ye staunch in justice, witnesses for Allah, even though it be against yourselves or (your) parents or (your) kindred, whether (the case be of) a rich man or a poor man, for Allah is nearer unto both (them ye are). So follow not passion /the lusts of your hearts) lest ye lapse (from truth) and if ye lapse or fall away, then lo! Allah is ever Informed of what ye do.} 4-135

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To Remove Evil Is A Self-Evident Task

In normal situations it would be natural to stop evil or damaging circumstances.

In our postmodern world, however, with the loss of the sense of the sacred, the lies, fake news, main stream media spreading tall stories, 'think tanks' sowing division and hate in society, it's not always so easy to decide what is good and what is evil. Ruling elites have always an interest in molding the public discourse for their interests, and ”the luxury of one class is counterbalanced by the impoverishment of another” in the nation and globally.

This is why throughout the history of mankind prophets were sent to affirm the truth and stand for what is right and just, to defend the downtrodden and inform people about the soon-to-come return to God - Allah (may His Majesty be exalted!) and His judgement, so that they may prepare for it.

The Romans - at least some of them - adhered to the saying: Fiat iustitia, et pereat mundus, meaning "Let justice be done, though the world perish".

Islam which is the din (life-transction) which will exist and persist until the end of times, our beloved Prophet Muhammad ﷺ told us how to do when confronted with evil:


عَنْ أَبِي سَعِيدٍ الْخُدْرِيّ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ سَمِعْت رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه و سلم يَقُولُ: "مَنْ رَأَى مِنْكُمْ مُنْكَرًا فَلْيُغَيِّرْهُ بِيَدِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِلِسَانِهِ، فَإِنْ لَمْ يَسْتَطِعْ فَبِقَلْبِهِ، وَذَلِكَ أَضْعَفُ الْإِيمَانِ" . رَوَاهُ مُسْلِمٌ.

“Whosoever of you sees an evil, let him change it with his hand; and if he is not able to do so, then (let him change it) with his tongue; and if he is not able to do so, then with his heart — and that is the weakest of faith.”

Abu Sa`id al-Khudri (may Allah be pleased with him) reported it.
(I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say, ~)
[Muslim], Hadith 34, Forty Hadith of an-Nawawi

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Commit to justice and a better world!

You are welcome to become part of our community no matter who you are. There is room for you who have questions about Islam and life in general, or thoughts about yourself or your family, but also for you who want to get involved in justice and a better state of affairs of this world.

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Krak-des-Chevaliers, Syria, with further construction by the Mamluks in the late 13th century; by Troels Myrup

The foundational ethics of Islam are based on mercy, wisdom and justice. The Messenger of Allah (the blessings and peace of Allah upon him) was only sent with mercy and wisdom. He said,

"Allah, the Most Merciful, is merciful only to those who show mercy. Be merciful to all on the Earth and the Master of the Heavens will show mercy to you."

Saladin (d. 1193), the famous Muslim ruler at the time of the Crusader invasion during the Middle Ages, did not enter the annals of history but for his character, justice and good conduct with his adversaries during both peace and war.

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On Justice

  • When the Quran declares justice and equality as the basis for peaceful living, the haters blame the Quran to be a violent book of unworthy significance.

     009_What's the most irrefutable error in the Quran?
    Quazi Hossain MD

  • In the cause of right and justice Prophet Muhammad (the blessings and peace of Allah upon him) could be resolute and severe but more often than not, his severity was tempered by generosity.
    → His ﷺ Manners and Disposition (1.)

     About Prophet Muhammad 3 ﷺ
    Athar Husain, "The Message of Mohammad"

  • Islam can reacquaint the West with its obscured aim of putting the interest of man into the center of economic policy, demanding that social justice and human dignity will really be given preference over other economic targets.

     How Muslims can contribute to the West
    Murad Wilfried Hofmann

  • Iblis/ Satan rebelled and in his pride replaced intelligence with ordinary logical reasoning. But intelligence is a light which (is meant to) open up human understanding to the Divine truths and Lights from Heaven.

    Now-a-days in the West, concepts like ‘gender justice’ or ‘gender equality’ are promoted, whereas justice is realizing and nurturing capabilities which God has gifted. Otherwise man will be unjust against his own soul: {O mankind, your injustice is only against yourselves, the enjoyment of worldly life. } 10-23

     On the Crisis of the Modern World

  • The Muslim ummah is a nation of justice and moderation.
    Why is this so?
    Because it witnesses every deviation from the 'straightforward path' in this life and in the Hereafter. Islamic texts call upon Muslims to excerise moderation and to reject and oppose all kinds of extremism.

     Notes On Islamic Awakening Between Rejection and Extremism
    Shaykh Yusuf al-Qaradawi

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